Meghan Trainor's hit "No" (released March 4, 2016) is reminiscent of several 90's tracks including TLC's "No Scrubs" (released January 23, 1999), and Christina Aguilera's "Genie in a Bottle" (released June 22, 1999).
The verse vocal melody to Lil Wayne and Charlie Puth's Nothing but Trouble (released June 29, 2015) is similar to the verse vocal melody to DeBarge's All This Love (released January 7, 1983). While in different keys (NbT: E; ATL C#), both melodies share the same relative contour, and are sung in the same falsetto vocal style. Thematically and lyrically, the songs are also similar (NbT: "For all of these problems" VS ATL: "I had some problems"). Interestingly, El DeBarge wrote All This Love "in hopes then-label mate and longtime idol Marvin Gaye would record it" [source: Wikipedia]. Puth is also a huge Marvin Gaye fan, as evidenced by his song of the same name.
Nothing but Trouble (:00) VS All This Love (:10)
Nothing but Trouble
C#min, C#min/B, Bbmin7b5, Amaj7
Verse Vocal Melody:
1-3-4-3-2-3 ("I'm facing the bottle")
1-3-4-3-2-1 ("For all of my problems")
6-3-4-3-2-3 ("These Instagram models")
5-3-4-3-2-1-6 ("Are nothing but trouble")
All This Love
Bmin, F7, Bmin, F7, Bmin, F7, Bmin, F7/C
Verse Vocal Melody:
3-2-6-1-2 ("I had some problems")
6-3-4-3-2-3-1-2 ("And no one could seem to solve them")
The Eagles have maintained that their hit The Long Run (released November 27, 1979, and the title track of their 1979 album) is a tribute to the Stax/Memphis R&B sound. However, one listen to Otis Clay's track Trying to Live My Life Without You (released 1972) and one tends to agree with rock critic Dave Marsh's assessment from his book, The Heart of Rock & Soul:
Having done my share of railing against the idea that white rock and roll is just a rip-off of rhythm and blues, it would be foolish not to acknowledge one of the most outrageous examples in which it was. In 1979, the Eagles took "Trying to Live My Life Without You" Top Ten as a song they "wrote," "The Long Run," the title song of their final multiplatinum LP.
Similarities include: chord progression (while in different keys--TLR in C and TtLMLWY in Eb--both songs follow a I-IV-I-IV-vi-V-I pattern), bass line, drum pattern (Henley even copies the Motown snare on all fours over the pre-chorus), lyrics (TLR: "I used to hurry a lot, I used to worry a lot"; TtLMLWY: "I used to smoke five packs of cigarettes a day"), pre-chorus vocal melody, and production/arrangment (Walsh's deft slide guitar substituted for the Memphis horns, same fat snare sound).
The Long Run (:00) VS Trying To Live My Life Without You (:00)
Demi Lovato's Dance-Pop single Really Don't Care (released May 20, 2014) seems closely modeled after Swedish duo Icona Pop's breakthrough hit I Love It (released May 9, 2012). Similarities include: verse vocal melody/rhythm (RDC starts on a G note, ILI starts on an Ab--only a half-step apart), theme (defiance to a former lover), lyrics ("I don't care" VS "I really don't care," "stars and moon collide" VS "down on earth, but I am up in space"), and production elements (drum beat/synth). Both song's verse vocal melodies start on the "and" or second eighth note of the first beat, and stay on the same note--emphasizing the upbeat--for the rest of the measure and most of the following measure. The final four notes of both melodies have the same exact rhythm (RDC: "[...] have it a-all"; ILI: "[..] you were g-one"). Finally, the pre-chorus vocal melody of Really Don't Care (which starts with the line "But even if the stars and moon collide") is tonally/rhythmically similar to the intro/chorus vocal melody to Pat Benatar's 80s smash Shadows of the Night (released September 30, 1982) i.e. "We're running with the shadows of the night [...]."
Springsteen's wistful single Girls in Their Summer Clothes (released January 15, 2008) won a 2009 Grammy for Best Rock Song, and features Beach Boys-inspired arrangments/production. The bridge for GiTSC also bears some similarity to the pre-chorus of Beck's 2005 single Girl (released July 4, 2005). Specifically, both songs feature a descending lydian melody over the subtonic (major bVII) chord. Girl (key: Bb major) starting with the line: "And I know I'm gonna steal her eye/She doesn't even know what's wrong," and GiTSC (key: C major) starting with the line: "Frankie's Diner, an old friend on the edge of town." Other similarities include -- lyrics: summer, girls, sun, beach; chord progressions: Girls uses a V-bVII-IV (or 5-b7-4) progression for the pre-chorus, while GiTSC uses a V-bVII-IV-vi-V (or 5-b7-4-minor6-5) progression in the bridge. The subtonic was used often in early 60s pop music, so it's conceivable that in addition to the Beach Boys, the Boss was drawing inspiration from The Shadows' Wonderful Land and others.
Girl (:39) vs GiTSC (1:57)
For music theorists wishing to dive deeper on use of the subtonic in popular music, check out this google group.