The intro to Ed Sheeran's Shape of You (released January 6, 2017) is very similar to the intro to Sia's Cheap Thrills (released February 11, 2016). Both feature a marimba-sounding synth playing staccato quarter note triplets for each chord. In terms of chord structure, Shape of You (in the key of E) follows a vi-ii-IV-V (or minor 6, minor 2, 4, 5) progression, while Cheap Thrills (in the key of A) follows a vi-IV-I-V (or minor 6, 4, 1, 5) progression. Shape of You is also slightly reminiscent of TLC's No Scrubs (released January 23, 1999), which is in the key of B (really G# harmonic minor), and follows a ii-vi-V/vi-vi (or minor 2, minor 6, dominant chord of the 6, minor 6). In particular, the scansion of the verse vocal melody is similar. [h/t to A. Zucker for suggesting this one!]
Meghan Trainor's hit "No" (released March 4, 2016) is reminiscent of several 90's tracks including TLC's "No Scrubs" (released January 23, 1999), and Christina Aguilera's "Genie in a Bottle" (released June 22, 1999).
The chorus to the Weeknd's Can't Feel My Face (released June 8, 2015) is oddly reminiscent of Hall and Oates' last Billboard Hot 100 number one single, Out of Touch (released October 4, 1984). Same key and similar chord progressions (though tempos and melodies differ.
Ariana Grande's Be Alright (released March 18, 2016), from her third studio album, bears a close resemblance to Rather Be (released January 17, 2014) by Clean Bandit featuring Jess Glynne. In particular, Be Alright uses the same staccato rhythm for the keyborad part and emphasizes the minor sixth and four major seventh chords a la Rather Be's progression.
The chorus vocal melody to English artist Jess Glynne's Hold My Hand (released March 20, 2015) is similar to the chorus vocal melody to Nicki Minaj's hit Super Bass (released April 5, 2011), which in turn, is similar to the chorus vocal melody to Glenn Frye's The One You Love (released 1982).
Hold My Hand (:55) VS Super Bass (:45)
Hold My Hand
The One You Love
The chorus to Waves by Dutch artist Mr Probz (released November 22, 2013) has the same relative chord progression (vi-V-iii-IV) as the chorus to Vanilla Fudge's cover of Keep Me Hangin' On (released 1967), Bryan Adams' It's Only Love, and Can't Hold Us by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis (released August 16, 2011). The progression is also similar to the chorus from Missing You by Diana Ross (released November, 1984, and written by Lionel Richie).
Waves (:15) VS Can't Hold Us (2:31)
Waves (Mr Probz)
Chorus Chord Progression: